Cyberspace exerts its influence in various spheres of life, including in the area of security. Cyberspace, through its various tools, contributes to the redrawing of the local and global security dimension and reshapes the political and security awareness and perception of individuals, communities, and States in a way that is different from what they were. Security is no longer understood in the limited real-world, but rather in the first and most infinite forms of cyberspace, its influential presence in the security sphere, and the talk of cybersecurity, cyber warfare, cyber deterrence, cyber-attack, cyber defense, cyber armies, cyber weapons, cyberterrorism, cyber mercenaries, cyber militias, etc.
States have moved towards establishing research and security institutions that are concerned with the study of cyberspace and how it can be employed in a way that contributes to their political, security, economic, etc. so that the future challenge posed by cyberspace is the ability of States to adapt to the rapid change and challenges posed by cyberspace in the public domain in general and in the security sphere in particular, as well as to possess the physical and human capabilities and structures that enable them to be influential and effective in it.
This impact of cyberspace in the area of security is not limited to the domestic realities of States but extends to the wider international context to influence the redrawing of the shape and content of international security, to define new frameworks for the nature of international relations and security, and to make the cybersecurity index one of the most important mechanisms for measuring the levels of cybersecurity of each State in the world.