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Research Papers

Iraq has been facing a severe power crisis since 2003 and is projected to surge in the long run. Efforts so far had been focusing on the supply side, while neglecting an equally important aspect of improving the energy...
Since the formation of the "Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant" or "ISIS" in 2013, Iraq has become the preferred arena for the group's militants. Despite the fact that the group's expansion in Iraq subsided recently and in...
The United States of America called on Iraq for “a strategic dialogue". With no doubt the United States has an interest in Iraq, which may vary from an American administration to another, from time to time, but it does...
By Roza Mohammed Abstract: Many countries in the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region are going through a transformation in their employment/recruitment and selection practices within the public sector, this has led to reforms in the public sector. In the...
Abstract In September 2017, a dispute emerged over the Kurdistan Region of Iraq’s desire to hold a referendum on its independence from Iraq. The Kurds believed they had the right to self-determination under international law. The central government and the...
Abstract Assessment for learning is an essential part of education. The education authorities in Iraq should consider more extensive use of assessment for learning. However, the application of assessment for learning is known as a western construct in education. Iraq...
“Each side has its narrative, based on history, accumulated grievances and strong sense of entitlement. For now, neither is inclined to settle the conflict peacefully through serious, sustained negotiations, as each believes its fortunes are on the rise, and...
INTRODUCTION Few policymakers would disagree that central to any successful strategy to address Iraq’s pressing challenges should be a concerted effort to attract capital and expertise into the country through private investment as a means to create jobs and restore...
An abridged version of the original World Bank report published in 2018 Overview Schooling is not the same as learning. When delivered well, education cures a host of societal ills. For individuals, it promotes employment, earnings, health, and poverty reduction. For...
Ghazwan Rafiq Awaid Political will is considered the cornerstone for combating corruption and reducing its destructive effects on people’s lives. If we assume that this will exists, then the question is what are the mechanisms or steps that we must...

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