Haidar Abdul Murshid – Researcher
Talk about the centrality of parties in political work in the modern state may be unmeaning, and in democracies in particular, Al-Bayan Center has previously written about political and democratic parties, and the need for parties to exist as an integral element of democratic political work, democracy is not complete without parties and cannot work.
On this basis, as long as Iraq is in the process of democratization, properly or in a difficult way, the existence of the party organization is not fleeing it, and cannot be dispensed with in any way.
Although the official establishment of Iraqi parties has accompanied the establishment of the state, with the establishment of the National Party, the Mohammed Jaafar Abu Al-Tamen Party, not to mention the pre-party organizations that preceded the establishment of the party, the party experience in Iraq still suffers from frequent foundational fights, and revolves around in empty historical circles, subject to the requirements of the turbulent eras that afflicted political life in Iraq, and the political system is transferred from the monarchy to the totalitarian republics to the shock of 2003 and the beginning of the process of democratic transition in a violent storm.
While some of the researchers argue that the royal parties were parties that mostly represented the interests of a particular group, and were related to a certain event, the other parties were formed within a certain historical circumstance, and in a certain era of time, were also associated with the circumstance of their establishment and underwent its requirements, not to mention the ideological ramifications that often emptied their national activity of its content, and made them subordinate to a cross-border ideology, dependent on the ideas of the father party.
In addition, the emergence of opposition parties under the weight of totalitarian regimes in republican eras, repression, and their forced secret work, was reflected in one way or another in the performance of political parties, when they moved from opposition to rule without accumulated experience in government work, and in the consolidation of democratic mechanisms within the party, and in organizing the movement of leadership in them in a peaceful, democratic manner, which naturally affected their relationship with governance, the state and the political system, and with other parties.
On this basis, Al-Bayan Center intends to present a series of papers, through which partisan life in Iraq is evaluated, by electing different, temporal, and partisan models, and this paper is an intensive and brief general framework that puts the reader in the context of the project and the papers that will be completed within it.