Abdulaziz Alawi Al-Issawi/ researcher specializing in electoral affairs and democracy studies.

The sudden Russian attack on Ukraine (although it was the most dangerous it has faced since World War II), but it does not represent the first crisis to strike the country, which has gone through several tremors throughout its history that affected the shape of the state and its political system. Once it got rid of the shackles of the former Soviet Union, until it turned into a semi-presidential system that distributed executive powers between the head of state and the government, with a preponderance in favor of the president, who put his country in direct confrontation with the Russian bear who declared open war on Ukraine. It seems that one of its president’s goals is to change the image of the political system that tends to the West, to realize that “Ukraine is Russia’s soft side, and the heart of its military defense,” according to Zbigniew Brzezinski.
Nature of the political regime
Ukraine is located in the eastern part of the continent of Europe, bordered by Russia, Belarus, Romania, Poland, Slovakia, and Moldova, and has a view of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, an area of more than (600) thousand square kilometers, and a population of more than (44) million people.
Its political system consists of three authorities. First, the legislative authority, which includes a single council called the “Supreme Council of People’s Representatives,” consists of (450) members, and has important powers, most notably voting on the government. Second, the executive authority, which consists of the President of the Republic and the government. Third, an independent judicial authority consisting of the Constitutional Court, the Public Prosecution Council, and the Supreme Judicial Council.

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