Ali abdalameer Alkabee – Professor of Demography and Population Studies, University of Baghdad


With the beginning of thinking about leaving the idea of natural geographical determinism, which dominated human thought for decades quickly returned, but with a new perspective, and seemed to acquire ideas and discussion, but inevitably with the dimension of human geography, specifically its demographic dimension, and its demographic, social, civilizational and cultural aspects. It revolves inevitability of continuous change and In an unchangeable path for the population in demographic transition trends, they all go through, but they differ among themselves in their speed, everyone works as governments, institutions, and organizations to confront, prepare, invest, and direct.

This study is exposed to the three dimensions, which are the demographic and demographic changes it is going through and will occur in the population society in Iraq until 2050, and talks about the picture of inevitable change until that date, and in the meantime it deals with the effects and challenges in each of them, and its demographic and development fields, and finally tries to draw general features of work in the formal It employed the method of simulation, and in any case, these pages cannot be fully completed, and the writings in this field are intended to increase; to pay attention to their importance first, and to contribute to decision-making and policy-building second.

Population is a quantitative and qualitative variable, affecting and affected by economic, social, political, and environmental changes, and must be viewed together, and a life-cycle approach to development planning is adopted instead of the traditional planning followed today in Iraq.

Where is the population to (Multiple challenges and limited responses):

The size of the population changes every minute, and the course of this quantitative change in the coming decades represents a demographic and demographic shift that will be reflected in the lives of individuals and the state, what is the nature of the new changes? And what are their threats, risks, supplies, and missed opportunities if not planned to have a multidimensional impact?

The population of Iraq at the beginning of 2022 is (41 million people), compared to (40 million people) last year, and with an annual increase estimated at (900 thousand people) approximately, the population of Iraq has doubled by (3.5) three and a half times since 1977), It reached (12 million) and will double (6 times) until (2050), and in the last quarter of the twentieth century it was characterized by increasing at a high pace, and these numbers reveal that the increase will be about (8.5 million) every ten years, and it is estimated to calculate the average growth rate that the size of the population will reach in 2050 (71 million people), that is almost twice population of today.