The Intellectual Capital Index measures the cost of spending to research and development to start a business, spending on education (% of GDP), number of secondary school dropouts, high-tech exports, number of high school education enrollments, new business registrations per million people, patent applications (of GDP), expenditure per student (% of GDP per capita), patent applications per million people enrolled in higher education, the gender ratio of pupils, number of females with high school education, pupil-teacher ratio.