The Iraqi economy, the public sector, and political stability face various challenges, such as corruption, the rent economy, unemployment, political violence and education in general, or illiteracy in particular, as a result of all these factors, adult illiteracy in Iraq is thought to be around 50% since 2018 according to various sources.

Iraq has a long history of dealing with illiteracy, but different political conditions have led to an escalation of the problem at the level of times, illiteracy was an indication of the lack of skilled and trained manpower in Iraq, this has had major repercussions on the country’s economy, Iraq was the only oil-rich Arab State that did not depend on foreign labor.