The world is experiencing accelerated environmental changes, rising rates of pollution from human behavior, and Iraq is not far away from this global climate change, either about rising temperatures, scarce rainfall, water shortages resulting from Turkish water policies, and neglect in Iraqi water policies.

Although Iraq, like the rest of the developing countries that do not carry more than 5% of greenhouse gas emissions, is one of the most vulnerable countries to the adverse effects of climate change, especially since Iraq–except for the areas of the Kurdistan region–has a semi-dry climate, with a rainfall of only 150 mm per year, That makes it fully dependent on the cross-border rivers that have their origins in Iran and Turkey, which in turn surround Iraqi waters through massive irrigation projects.

This paper will address another aspect of environmental change, caused by humans, and specifically, Iraqi locality, overfishing, orchard dredging policies, and natural vegetation in the Iraqi Badia, as well as neglecting to control agricultural pests that destroy Iraqi orchards and plants.