Faras Abbas Hashem – Basra University/Faculty of Law
At the outset, Iraq became aware of the need to develop new visions of ideas that would frame its position on geopolitical changes in the current regional and international environment. and constitutes an impetus that can be based on the orientations of Iraqi diplomacy in dealing with new geopolitical events, in its geographic mobility ranges in the Middle East and North Africa region s vital issues, It is suitable for directing diplomatic action towards the paths of prioritizing change in its shift towards geopolitical attractions in the region. and to use its opportunities to overcome the complex of regional rejection by building strategic partnerships in various fields, in particular with its neighbours, in order to improve and develop diplomatic performance in vital areas, Moreover, creating ways of interacting with them by building interests that place them in the sphere of regional concern, That is why Iraq is distancing itself from attempts to isolate it regionally and repeatedly disrupt its role by some emerging Powers in the region.
Shaping the geopolitical model as a tool of diplomatic effectiveness
We should say: Many researchers and specialists in international relations and strategic studies agree. that the world of the twenty-first century has left the logic of abstract bilateral alliances between a large and a small State or between middle-level States, The end of the cold war and the transformation of conflict mechanisms in international politics have led to the adoption of new visions and intellectual patterns in the foreign policies of States. is different from the logic of conflicts and alliances in the cold war, and in this context, it is important to say: The assumptions of multiple strategic partnerships, cooperation, and diplomatic flexibility have become one of the most prominent features of international politics in the twenty-first century.
On that basis, to deal with diplomatic action in its geopolitical dimensions as a regional or international political act in the light of the reality reflected in regional and international transformations and the trends in their development, it must not be immediate or direct, as it can take an unlimited amount of time on the arrow of time. In such a way that this emphasis approach is consistent with the pattern of instantaneous effect that butterfly wingspan movement has on butterfly effect theory. On the other hand, it should be emphasized that the author’s intentions make no difference in calling his actions regional or international political acts. Even if his intention is limited to having a local or limited influence on others, he should be treated as an international political act if it has unintended or uninterrupted repercussions beyond the State. Based on the foregoing, Iraq cannot activate its foreign diplomatic role by keeping it marginal. The gap away from engaging in regional issues that some successive Iraqi Governments have known after 2003 has led Iraq to pursue geopolitical visions that will allow it to make changes in its external standing and market itself.
As such, the “Iraqi Development Road” project (see map 1) put forward by the Prime Minister (Mohamed Shiaa al-Sudani) as a geopolitical starting point to adapt to current developments in the context of multiple crises as a result of the repercussions of the Russian-Ukrainian war on the Middle East and North Africa, as well as the political settlements that have cast a shadow over the States of the region, the project is one of the tools of the Iraqi Government in expanding Iraq’s foreign partnerships. Furthermore, the geopolitical growth mechanisms are marketed in Iraq’s position as a powerful force in the geography of the region.