PUBLICATIONS

PUBLICATIONS

Abstract In September 2017, a dispute emerged over the Kurdistan Region of Iraq’s desire to hold a referendum on its independence from Iraq. The Kurds believed they had the right to self-determination under international law. The central government and the...
Talib Jabbar Hassan, Ph.D. student, College of Political Science, University of Baghdad. Zainab Ghatah Nahedh, MA in Political Science, University of Baghdad. Greenland is the second-largest island in the world after Australia. It is an independent Danish region within the Kingdom...
Abstract Assessment for learning is an essential part of education. The education authorities in Iraq should consider more extensive use of assessment for learning. However, the application of assessment for learning is known as a western construct in education. Iraq...
Throughout history, lakes and rivers have given rise to civilizations along their banks or near to their shores. In today’s world, boundaries between nations have been drawn based on political treaties or as a result of conflicts and wars...
“Each side has its narrative, based on history, accumulated grievances and strong sense of entitlement. For now, neither is inclined to settle the conflict peacefully through serious, sustained negotiations, as each believes its fortunes are on the rise, and...
By Ghazwan Rafiq and Hassan Kadhim Without a doubt, corruption is a problem for all countries in different legal, economic, and social dimensions. However, it varies in size and extent from one country to another. Governments have worked on different...
INTRODUCTION Few policymakers would disagree that central to any successful strategy to address Iraq’s pressing challenges should be a concerted effort to attract capital and expertise into the country through private investment as a means to create jobs and restore...
Ahmed Tabaqchali Introduction The current debate over the interpretation of the 2019 budget that governs the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) share of the federal budget in return for contributing 250,000 bbl/d to federal oil exports has echoes of the first conflict...
Within the framework of enhancing the external and influential role played by research and study centres, al-Bayan Centre for Planning and Studies participated in a programme of economic and political dialogue over the period 12th– 18thMay, 2019 in the...
Governments and international organizations around the world are developing mechanisms to diagnose and identify corruption, with the aim of developing appropriate methods and programmes to combat or prevent corruption in the different sectors of the country. In line with...

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