Ahmed Khalil Artemty / researcher on Russian affairs

Emad Al-Sheikh Daoud / researcher in the field of public policy

The Kazakh protests escalated as the world entered the year 2022 until they became the focus of attention on all T.V. channels and social media, and a preoccupation for researchers and political analysts, because of their repercussions on the future of regional and international conflicts in the vicinity of Central Asia, and Kazakhstan is one of the last republics that became independent from the Soviet Union, It is located between Russia and China, and is the largest landlocked country in the world, and larger than all of Western Europe, with a population of about 19 million, and it is of great importance to countries seeking to extend their political and economic influence in the region, including Russia, which it considers one of the most important sensitive areas in the history of The Russian state from the middle of the eighteenth century until the October Revolution of 1917, as it acquired geographical and geopolitical advantages and resources that extend to the stability of the political regimes in Russia, while Kazakh exports represent 60% of exports in Central Asian countries, in addition to its possession of natural resources such as oil, gas and minerals are comparable to the Gulf states, not to mention that it was a suitable ground for nuclear weapons testing fields during the “Soviet” era. Most of them are Kazakhs, as well as many other nationalities and religions. After declaring an independent republic after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it adopted a capitalist system and two councils (Representatives and Senators), as well as a government that runs the affairs of the country, headed by “Nursultan Nazarbayev” from 1989 to 2019, Specialists in Kazakh affairs believe that the regime has enacted many laws that prevented and deterred any trend that contradicts the government vision, and suppressed any entity or current that seeks to depart from individual contexts, and thus it was considered one of the regimes that suppress various political freedoms and practices, and the Kazakh crisis emerged after 2019.