The World Trade Organization (WTO) is one of the three organizations of the United Nations specialized in the economic and trade fields, which is considered to be one of the major players on the global scene, as it replaced the GATT for tariffs, and began its work effectively in 1995, without entering into recounting its history and establishment, this organization was based on achieving a number of goals that are the backbone of its tasks, the most important of which are: (regulating trade between member states, ensuring the smooth flow of trade with the greatest facilities and freedom, establishing a strong global economic system, raising the standard of living and developing the income of its members, As well as creating an internationally competitive position based on economic efficiency).

Not long ago, some specialists and politicians called for Iraq to join the World Trade Organization (WTO), the latest of which was the statement by the Iraqi Ministry of Trade of its minister’s intention to go to Geneva to discuss the possibility of Iraq joining the World Trade Organization, and accordingly, a central question comes to mind: What are the expected effects of Iraq’s accession to the World Trade Organization? Especially in the abnormal conditions in Iraq! In order to give scientific and realistic answers, we must study and examine the conditions of accession and the economic and commercial nature of Iraq.