The establishment of the Iraqi army was preceded by the official establishment of Iraq. The regiment of Imam Musa Al-Kazim, the core of the Iraqi army, was formed early in 1921 at the time of the formation of the interim government of Abd Al-Rahman, and months before the inauguration of King Faisal I of Iraq.
But the army, which is supposed to be the arm of the state and its means of extending its power, its protector, who responds to its orders and obeys its decisions, turns around in cycles and events that have changed its course and its founding objectives repeatedly, interfering in politics and affecting it first with the Bakr Sidqi coup of 1936, a policymaker with the Four Knots movement in 1941, Then proprietor for politics after the coup d’état of Abd al-Karim Qasim and his comrades in 1958.
The army’s administration of politics was not transformed into an institutional system, as was the case in Egypt. The partisans coming from outside the military who controlled the army, then Ba’ath Party, then Saddam Hussein; The partisan coming from outside the military, he acquired the army and the whole state with it. The officers’ ego and political ambition became a constant fear, leading to the collapse of the total army in 2003, which was self-evident after all the devastation it had begun and was subsequently turned over and destroyed.
The re-establishment of the army after 2003 was not in better conditions, and cannot be limited to this paper, but in all, it was marred by many mistakes that led to the disaster of June 2014 and the occupation of a large area of Iraqi territory by ISIS.