By Ghazwan Rafiq and Hassan Kadhim
Without a doubt, corruption is a problem for all countries in different legal, economic, and social dimensions. However, it varies in size and extent from one country to another. Governments have worked on different measures, whether prevention or deterrence, to combat or limit corruption while acknowledging that every approach should be preceded by a careful diagnosis, otherwise the results will not yield satisfactory results.
International organizations have also worked to find ways to diagnose corruption, its assets, and its dimensions. Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index is one of the world’s most recognized indicators. Governments, businesses, civil society and the media are concerned with its results, as well as its local, regional, and international impact on the investment sector and the reputation of the state since it measures the degree of perceived corruption in the public sector.
This brief study provides an overview of the index, and it focuses on the most important steps taken by Iraq’s neighbours that have made progress in the index, in order to benefit from their experience to improve Iraq’s ranking. Egypt and Kuwait were selected because they improved their ranking in the index by a significant extent, and because of the availability of necessary resources in this regard.