Haider Adham

The Iraqi and Arab media circulated statements issued by Iraqi official entities, the Ministry of Water Resources, in which they expressed their intention to internationalize the “joint international watercourses file” for Iraq with the countries of the upper course after the latter cut off water supplies that flow to Iraq permanently, and another State has reduced water imports to Iraq under a variety of arguments raises the question of the effectiveness of such calls in legal terms, which want to “internationalize the water problem” with both the Turkish and Iranian sides by resorting to judicial settlement. In particular, as this proposition is specifically circulating in the media, is it possible to imagine a solution to the problem according to the mentioned tendency?

To begin with, we say that there are many ways; For settling international disputes, some of them are diplomatic, which are negotiations, goodwill, mediation, conciliation, and investigation, while other methods are described as having a political nature represented by resorting to entities concerned with the issue of the conflict within the framework of international and regional international organizations such as The Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Security Council within the United Nations system, there is also the possibility of resorting to international courts represented by international arbitration or the international judiciary represented by the International Court of Justice.