Authors Posts by Catherine Shakdam

Catherine Shakdam

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About the researcher

The French Social Security System

France’s willingness to offer a degree of protection to those made most vulnerable whether through illness or social circumstances traces back long before the French Revolution. And though the state did not necessarily play a hand in harmonising or even architecting such protection; a myriad...

Economic Velocity – How to sustain growth through economic flexibility and adaptability

Economic Velocity - How to sustain growth through economic flexibility and adaptability: the French model of state interventionism By Catherine Shakdam Given the  very nature of our global economy and the unescaping reality of our ‘entanglements’ - 2008 stock market crash demonstrated, if anything else, how...

“Les Trente Glorieuses”- nationalisation of key industries

The expression was coined by Jean Fourastier (1907-1990) in his book “Les Trente Glorieuses, or the invisible revolution from 1946 to 1975”, published in 1979. This expression refers to “the Revolution of the Three Glorious”, three days of revolt the 27th, 28th and 29th...

Post-War Recovery and Growth

OVERVIEW If much of Europe breathed a sigh of relief following the fall of Berlin in 1945 - and with it, Nazy Germany, much of the Old Continent found itself tittering on the edge of financial bankruptcy. France, like many of its neighbours, was plagued...

The French Constitutional Coming Of Age – A Merger Of Constitutional Traditions

A constitution is the fundamental and basic law, of a country. The constitution determines the fundamental political principles of the government, rules of procedure of that government, rights and obligations of the citizenry and methods to ensure accountability of governmental branches. As it is well-known,...

1870-1958 The Advent of the Republic

After four years of uncertainty over the leadership of the country, the Third Republic is firmly instituted in Versailles on 1875, thus quashing monarchists quarrels and hopes that they would return in favour. Interestingly enough, and against many odds, the Third Republic would prove an...

The Fifth Republic – France’s long constitutional walk

If France today can proudly claim to a rich democratic heritage, its walk towards such institutional freedom was not an easy one. Like most of its western counterparts, France’s history - and for the purpose of this research paper, France’s constitutional history started under...

Nation-Building and the politics of state-building: the French example and its limitations

“There cannot be a firmly established political state unless there is a teaching body with definitely recognized principles. If the child is not taught from infancy that he ought to be a republican or a monarchist, a Catholic or a free-thinker, the state will...

France’s national education system – The expression of a democratic social philosophy

  “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela Long before France came onto its own as a modern democratic state it ambitioned to raise a nation to the image of the principles its most elite thinkers wanted...

France as a valuable strategic partner in the Middle East

  French President Emanuel Macron made very clear in Davos that he intends for France to reclaim its positions at the Grande’s table and reaffirm itself a multipolar strategic partner. “France is back” were his exact words. Unlike his predecessors – or so he enounces in...

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