TOPICS

TOPICS

Ahmed Tabaqchali Introduction The current debate over the interpretation of the 2019 budget that governs the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) share of the federal budget in return for contributing 250,000 bbl/d to federal oil exports has echoes of the first conflict...
Governments and international organizations around the world are developing mechanisms to diagnose and identify corruption, with the aim of developing appropriate methods and programmes to combat or prevent corruption in the different sectors of the country. In line with...
Investing their capital overseas is one of the most important features of Gulf business. Some Gulf countries (such as Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar and Oman) have been working, for some time now, on maximizing their returns in emerging foreign...
An abridged version of the original World Bank report published in 2018 Overview Schooling is not the same as learning. When delivered well, education cures a host of societal ills. For individuals, it promotes employment, earnings, health, and poverty reduction. For...
By: Ghazwan Rafiq Awaid Introduction The idea of establishing a council of regulators to combat corruption is not a new invention for the anti-corruption system in Iraq, for in 2007, the Joint Council for Combating Corruption was established under the chairmanship...
Ghazwan Rafiq Awaid Political will is considered the cornerstone for combating corruption and reducing its destructive effects on people’s lives. If we assume that this will exists, then the question is what are the mechanisms or steps that we must...
Ahmed Khudair Hussein Ayal Introduction: This study sheds light on the phenomenon of extremism, which is one of the most significant social phenomena to witness growth as a result of the upheavals that shook the infrastructure of Iraqi society after the...
The Iraqi Constitution provides a broad mandate for local governments to exercise a range of powers, except those that are exclusive to the federal government, as well as prioritizing local government legislation over national ones. However, their performance is...
Introduction World politics today are going through a stage of upheaval. In many countries, parties that have ruled for years and even decades are being replaced by new parties that often push an alternative and, sometimes, anti-establishment agenda. Other times,...
Monuments and buildings are a physical connection to our past. They represent our history and through their public presence tell a story, which over time enshrines itself into our identity and our being.  As such, statues, monuments and heritage sites...

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