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TOPICS

“Each side has its narrative, based on history, accumulated grievances and strong sense of entitlement. For now, neither is inclined to settle the conflict peacefully through serious, sustained negotiations, as each believes its fortunes are on the rise, and...
By Ghazwan Rafiq and Hassan Kadhim Without a doubt, corruption is a problem for all countries in different legal, economic, and social dimensions. However, it varies in size and extent from one country to another. Governments have worked on different...
INTRODUCTION Few policymakers would disagree that central to any successful strategy to address Iraq’s pressing challenges should be a concerted effort to attract capital and expertise into the country through private investment as a means to create jobs and restore...
Ahmed Tabaqchali Introduction The current debate over the interpretation of the 2019 budget that governs the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) share of the federal budget in return for contributing 250,000 bbl/d to federal oil exports has echoes of the first conflict...
Governments and international organizations around the world are developing mechanisms to diagnose and identify corruption, with the aim of developing appropriate methods and programmes to combat or prevent corruption in the different sectors of the country. In line with...
Investing their capital overseas is one of the most important features of Gulf business. Some Gulf countries (such as Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar and Oman) have been working, for some time now, on maximizing their returns in emerging foreign...
An abridged version of the original World Bank report published in 2018 Overview Schooling is not the same as learning. When delivered well, education cures a host of societal ills. For individuals, it promotes employment, earnings, health, and poverty reduction. For...
By: Ghazwan Rafiq Awaid Introduction The idea of establishing a council of regulators to combat corruption is not a new invention for the anti-corruption system in Iraq, for in 2007, the Joint Council for Combating Corruption was established under the chairmanship...
Ghazwan Rafiq Awaid Political will is considered the cornerstone for combating corruption and reducing its destructive effects on people’s lives. If we assume that this will exists, then the question is what are the mechanisms or steps that we must...
Ahmed Khudair Hussein Ayal Introduction: This study sheds light on the phenomenon of extremism, which is one of the most significant social phenomena to witness growth as a result of the upheavals that shook the infrastructure of Iraqi society after the...

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